I am drawn to towns or cities that has a downtown bustling with quaint little shops, restaurants, and small businesses. Places like that have such a sense of community; adopting the same core principles that towns thrived on years ago.
New Urbanism is an urban design movement takes that same idea of community, which promotes walkable, compact, vibrant, mixed-use communities composed of the same components as conventional development, but assembled in a more integrated fashion.These contain housing, work places, shops, entertainment, schools, parks, and civic facilities essential to the daily lives of the residents, all within easy walking distance of each other.
Through the first quarter of the 20th century, the United States developed mainly in the form of compact, mixed-use neighborhoods. The pattern began to change with
the emergence of modern architecture and zoning and the ascent of the automobile. After World War II, a new system of development was implemented nationwide — one that, instead of being based on neighborhoods, was based on a rigorous separation of uses. The separate-use system has become known as sprawl or conventional suburban development (CSD). The majority of US citizens now live in suburban communities built during the last 60 years.
The New Urbanism is a reaction to sprawl. A growing movement of architects, planners, developers, and others, the New Urbanism is based on principles of planning and architecture that work together to create human-scale, walkable communities. The New Urbanism includes traditional architects and those with modernist sensibilities. From modest beginnings, the trend is growing to have a substantial impact. More than 500 new towns, villages, and neighborhoods are built or under construction in the US, using principles of the New Urbanism. Additionally, hundreds more smaller-scale new urban projects are restoring the urban fabric of cities and towns by reestablishing walkable streets and blocks in communities throughout the US.
1. Walkability -Most things within a 10-minute walk of home and work with pedestrian friendly street design.
2. Connectivity -Interconnected street grid network disperses traffic & eases walking.
3. Mixed-Use & Diversity -A mix of shops, offices, apartments, and homes on site. Mixed-use within neighborhoods, within blocks, and within buildings -Diversity of people - of ages, income levels, cultures, and races
4. Mixed Housing - A range of types, sizes and prices in closer proximity
6. Traditional Neighborhood Structure -Discernable center and edge -Public space at center -Importance of quality public realm; public open space designed as civic art -Contains a range of uses and densities within 10-minute walk -Transect planning: Highest densities at town center; progressively less dense towards the edge.
7. An elementary school is close enough so that most children can walk from their home.
8. There are small playgrounds accessible to every dwelling.
9. Smart Transportation -A network of high-quality trains connecting cities, towns, and neighborhoods together. Pedestrian-friendly design that enc
-Minimal environmental impact of development and its operations
-Eco-friendly technologies, respect for ecology and value of natural systems
-Less use of finite fuels
-More local production
-More walking, less driving
The first full-size new urbanist community was Seaside, the 80-acre resort development that Robert Davis began building on the Florida Panhandle in the early 1980's with lead designers Andres Duany and Elizabeth Plater-Zyberk. www.seasidefl.com
Serenbe is a 1,000 acre community located under 30 minutes from Atlanta’s Hartsfield-Jackson International Airport. It is a national model for the future of balanced development in the U.S.— focusing on land preservation, agriculture, energy efficiency, green building, walkability, high density building, arts and culture, and community living for multiple generations. www.serenbecommunity.com/
Harbor Town is one of the nation's most fully developed and successful Traditional Neighborhood Developments (TND). Located on Mud Island adjacent to downtown Memphis, Harbor Town contains 500 houses, a shopping district, a small private school, and several town greens. Its streets are restrained; its architecture is classic and pure; its master plan seamlessly integrates public buildings and private spaces. www.harbortownonline.com
As summer is approaching I wanted to be sure and include you in on my favorite place to go to the beach, Rosemary Beach, Florida.
"One of 30A's several planned "New Urbanist" communities, Rosemary Beach is an architectural treasure trove, boasting influences from the West Indies, New Orleans, Charleston and St. Augustine, among others. The homes (most with adjoining carriage houses) are interconnected by a discreet network of pedestrian paths and boardwalks, which become even more charming at night, basked in the soft flicker of gas-lit lanterns." www.30a.com